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Wednesday, January 29, 2020 | History

4 edition of Language Typology and Syntactic Description found in the catalog.

Language Typology and Syntactic Description

Timothy Shopen

Language Typology and Syntactic Description

  • 114 Want to read
  • 13 Currently reading

Published by Cambridge University Press .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Grammar, syntax, linguistic structure,
  • Language Arts & Disciplines,
  • Language Arts / Linguistics / Literacy,
  • Language,
  • General,
  • Language Arts & Disciplines / General,
  • Linguistics

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages504
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL9551241M
    ISBN 100521581567
    ISBN 109780521581561

    Languages with bound case markings for nouns, for example, tend to have more flexible word orders than languages where case is defined by position within a sentence or presence of a preposition. Languages with nominative—accusative alignment can detransitivize transitive verbs by demoting the A argument and promoting the O to be an S thus taking nominative case marking ; it is called the passive voice. Radical Construction Grammar integrates concepts from typological theory and construction grammar to uncover the genuine universals of grammar. To learn more about cookies, please see our cookie policy.

    Inflectional languages are different from analytic languages, because they do inflect as the name suggests quite a lot. Empirical approaches to language typology. This book defends three fundamental theses: i constructions are the primitive units of syntactic representation, and grammatical categories are defined by constructions, not the other way around; ii the only syntactic structures are the part-whole relations between a construction and the syntactic elements that make it up; iii not only are grammatical categories construction-specific, but constructions are language-specific. Words, especially verbs, in these languages also tend to become very long, because every argument in a sentence is inflected on the verb, but also on other words with an argument structure, such as prepositions.

    S is said to align with either A as in English or O as in Basque when they take the same form. The remaining five percent of languages have the object before the subject. Direct alignment: a very few languages make no distinction among agent, patient, and intransitive arguments, leaving the hearer to rely entirely on context and common sense to figure them out. Universals make statements that are true of all languages, and may either be absolute no language uses the raspberry sound phonemically or implicational languages with trial grammatical number also have dual grammatical number.


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Language Typology and Syntactic Description book

These languages are very difficult to learn, not only because they are not properly understood, but also because one verb has literally hundreds of inflections. About this title This book is based on the results of research in language typology, and motivated by the need for a theory to explain them.

A final issue is the invoked universality of RD in a syntactic sense. An uncommon subtype is called marked nominative. For example, the average Navajo verb has about 15 categories of prefixes, and a couple of affixes.

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Accordingly, I largely restrict myself in the following comments to the syntactic profile of RD as the seemingly central problem of the article. Note that one reason it is worthwhile to preserve dying languages is because many of what we now think are universals may turn out to only be tendencies, thus making us more aware of what can and can't occur in human language.

Languages with deep ergativity with ergative alignment in behavioral constructions appear to be less common. Annual Review of Linguistics 1 1. A good example is Latin, in which most words are marked up and down for all kinds of tenses, moods, cases, agreements, and more.

Additionally, freedom of word order may vary within the same language—for example, formal, literary, or archaizing varieties may have different, stricter, or more lenient constituent-order structures than an informal spoken variety of the same language.

Universals make statements that are true of all languages, and may either be absolute no language uses the raspberry sound phonemically or implicational languages with trial grammatical number also have dual grammatical number. Inflectional languages are different from analytic languages, because they do inflect as the name suggests quite a lot.

Share this page. Volume III covers typological distinctions in word formation, lexical typologies, inflectional morphology, gender and noun classes, aspect, tense, mood, and lexical nominalization.

All books are copyrights to the original owners. To learn more about how we use and protect your data, please see our privacy policy. Other languages called " active languages " have two types of intransitive verbs—some of them "active verbs" join the subject in the same case as the agent of a transitive verb, and the rest "stative verbs" join the subject in the same case as the patient[ example needed ].

The relationship between ergative and accusative systems can be schematically represented as the following:. Therefore, on our servers there is no any byte of information that would violate the rights of writers or third parties.

RD has been notoriously problematic to define and relate to other phenomena; so in spite of it having been extensively studied in the recent and not-so-recent past it still deserves close attention.

Given the experience of the authors in this field and their extensive referencing of important contributions, 1 one could expect the article to provide a typologically oriented state-of-the-art report as well as advance the discussion. My reference to subordination and the like serves as a welcome transition to mentioning another open question in the argument of RD as a dedicated syntactic domain.

The contributors look at t This three-volume survey brings together a team of leading scholars to explore the syntactic and morphological structures of the world's languages. In all three cases, phrase structure is put to use to derive interpretive effects.

The grammar of reported speech and thought in Gooniyandi.Aprioristic generativism: Language typology is easy (in principle) • All languages are made from the same (innate) building blocks • There is a set of universally available categories from which languages may choose • These are cross-linguistic categories • Language typology simply requires that we match language-specific phenomena with the cross.

Language typology and syntactic description. [Timothy Shopen;] Home. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Search. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat.

Popular Linguistic Typology Books

Find items in libraries near you. Language Typology and Syntactic Description Volume III book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Language Typology and Syntactic Des /5(4). Linguistic typology (or language typology) is a field of linguistics that studies and classifies languages according to their structural and functional features.

Its aim is to describe and explain the common properties and the structural diversity of the world's languages. Its subdisciplines include, but are not limited to: qualitative typology, which deals with the issue of comparing.

Buy Language Typology and Syntactic Description: Grammatical Categories and the Lexicon v. 3 (Language Typology & Syntactic Description) 2 by Timothy Shopen (ISBN: ) from Amazon's Book Store.

Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible atlasbowling.com: Timothy Shopen. Language Typology and Syntactic Description Second edition Volume II: Complex Constructions This unique three-volume survey brings together a team of leading scholars to explore the syntactic and morphological structures of the world’s languages.

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