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Tuesday, February 4, 2020 | History

3 edition of Dispersal centres of Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) in the neotropical region found in the catalog.

Dispersal centres of Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) in the neotropical region

Harald Schreiber

Dispersal centres of Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) in the neotropical region

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Published by W. Junk in The Hague, Boston .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sphingidae -- Latin America.,
  • Zoogeography -- Latin America.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby Harald Schreiber.
    SeriesBiogeographica : v. 10, Biogeographica (Hague, Netherlands) -- v. 10.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination195 p. :
    Number of Pages195
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL15131054M
    ISBN 109061932114
    OCLC/WorldCa3889170

    They were gathered, eaten and used in a variety of ways. Rainfall here is erratic, rarely exceeds mm per annum, and usually falls in the winter. Among such are Rethera komarovi, Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades, Hyles centralasiae, Hyles zygophylli and Hyles hippophaes. Although there is no morphology-based phylogeny available to date for the whole family, the relationships between subfamilies, tribes and about half the recognized genera were recently assessed from the analysis of 5 nuclear genes Kawahara et al.

    Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Everyone has a dog in this fight. Although there is no morphology-based phylogeny available to date for the whole family, the relationships between subfamilies, tribes and about half the recognized genera were recently assessed from the analysis of 5 nuclear genes Kawahara et al. But were any of these domesticated? Conversely, most temperate-forest species can also occur farther south in favourable situations, such as along river valleys and mountain chains. With a gradual increase in temperature many species spread out from these land-locked islands to colonize their territories again.

    After rejecting the division of the southwestern Asiatic center, Vavilovdiscussed the composition of the complex of species formed by cultivated plants within the territory in question. The botanical investigations concerning the centers of origin still continue and the collections gathered are being thoroughly studied at VIR. These differ from the fynbos in that many plants have been used, perhaps for millennia, for food, medicine, clothing and in some instances building materials. The importance of range margins has been demonstrated by Hengeveld They have five pairs of prolegs.


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Dispersal centres of Sphingidae book

Its appearance is explained by the fact that during that period and until recently, the exact spatial-geographical borders of Inner Asia had not been clearly outlined Grach Even more extreme is the present-day distribution of Sphinx ligustri. Philosophers are likely to zero in on Descartes in the midth century; economists hold out for the industrial revolution in the late 18th century; political historians push for the American and French revolutions.

Dispersal Centres of Sphingidae (Lepidoptera) in the Neotropical Region

Most of the region's hawkmoths survived the ice-ages in one or more of these areas; a few eremic species appear to have even survived in the Afroeremic North African SaharaSyroeremic central Arabian PeninsulaTuranoeremic Transcaspia and Mongoloeremic Xinjiang refugia.

A few common species in Africa, such as the Oriental bee hawk Cephonodes hylas virescensMacroglossum hirundoand Macroglossum trochilusare diurnal.

The area encompassing the Tian Shan and Pamir Mountains the Turkestan centre of de Lattin gave rise to several new species and subspecies, such as Laothoe philerema, Sphingonaepiopsis kuldjaensis, Hyles chamyla and Acosmeryx naga hissarica.

Cambridge Univ. Egg development time varies highly, from three to 21 days. A collection of these is termed a 'biome', characterized by a particular 'climax community' that remains relatively stable in the typical climatic conditions of a given region.

The relative magnitude of the two frequency responses enables the moth to distinguish rotation around the different principal axesallowing for rapid course control during aerial maneuvers.

List of Sphingidae species

At the beginning of the interglacial periods, including the present one, retreating ice and scouring melt-water would have produced large areas favourable to Hippophae rhamnoides in Europe. Several species evolved distinct sub species during their period of isolation, such as Hemaris aksana from Hemaris tityus in North Africa.

Indeed, recent studies have shown that, unlike in Sphinx ligustri, they have been apart long enough to produce two sibling species. They have five pairs of prolegs. In the s, when the author was cycling around country lanes in south-east Austria during August, several fully grown larvae of Hemaris tityus and Deilephila porcellus could be seen and picked up on the road every day as they went in search of pupation sites.

Others, such as Akbesia davidi, Smerinthus kindermannii, Clarina kotschyi and Rethera brandti, are of Irano-Turanian origin and are confined to the hotter and less humid eastern Mediterranean subregion and penetrate only a short distance westwards.

The abundance patterns of species over their ranges will manifest themselves in terms of responses to spatially varying ecological conditions.

This problem was not really solved by Vavilov, or by his predecessor de Candolle and others. Several studies deal with the Sphingidae of the French Antilles. Here people made selections of wheat, barley, oats, rye, potatoes and maize Dispersal centres of Sphingidae book were eventually cultivated.

It is more than likely that 'subsp. Small, isolated European populations also occur of such essentially Irano-Turanian species as Rethera komarovi and Sphingonaepiopsis gorgoniades.

Vavilov's original concepts In Vavilov stated that the method of differential taxonomy offers an opportunity to trace the dispersal of many cultivated plants. A number of Irano-Turanian sphingid species are very characteristic of this biome and often occur as isolated refuge populations.

This dynamics is neither properly recognized when considering ranges 'whose recent structures more or less force us to consider them ,as static entities' DE LATTINp. Both these species are derived from a common ancestor, as indicated by Meermanbut as to when the initial island colonization took place and why the Pontomediterranean Hyles euphorbiae has subsequently been unable to colonize these islands remain a mystery.

A pattern of diagonal slashes along the side is a common feature. Hyles euphorbiae pupa Sphingid caterpillars are medium to large in size, with stout bodies. Rainfall here is erratic, rarely exceeds mm per annum, and usually falls in the winter.

Two thousand kilometres to the south a small, relict population of the same or a closely related subspecies persists in the cool, Mediterranean-like Asir Mountains of south-western Saudi Arabia.Die Molluskenfauna des Vogelsberges unter Besonderer Ber?cksichtigung Biogeographischer Aspekte: Die Wassermollusken des Einzugsgebietes der Nahe (Biogeographica) (German Edition) by Jungbluth, J.H., Dannapfel, K.H.

and a great selection of related books, art. In some Sphingidae, the pupa has a free proboscis, rather than being fused to the pupal case as is most common in the macrolepidoptera.

They have a cremaster at the tip of the abdomen. Usually, they pupate off the host plant, in an underground chamber, among rocks, or in a loose cocoon. In most species, the pupa is the overwintering atlasbowling.com: Insecta. VOLUME 62, NUMBER 2 71 Journal of the Lepidopterists’ Society 62(2),HAWKMOTH FAUNA OF A NORTHERN ATLANTIC RAIN FOREST REMNANT (SPHINGIDAE) JOSÉ ARAÚJO DUARTE JÚNIOR Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Biológicas, Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, Universidade Federal da Paraíba.

Coverage and sources. This work is a detailed study of the species and subspecies of Sphingidae that occur regularly within the zoogeographical boundaries of the western Palaearctic region, with particular emphasis on their ecology and dynamic biogeography: notes on their morphology and taxonomy are also provided.

The Hyles euphorbiae 'complex' is analysed in more detail with regard to. The Sphingidae are a family of moths, commonly known as hawk moths, sphinx moths, and hornworms; it includes about 1, species.

It is best represented in the tropics, but species are found in every region. They are moderate to large in size and are distinguished among moths for.

The shape of the eggs in Sphingidae is roughly spherical or slightly oval (Bell and Scott, ). Thus, our results for O. lycidas are consistent with the descriptions found in the literature.

Females of Ambulyx moorei (in Horsfield and Moore, ) lays small number of eggs, and of a total of eggs, Mell () observed only 88 viable atlasbowling.com by: 1.